Air pollution and resulting acid rain severely affects lakes and damages forests. Since the end of the Cold War, there has been growing speculation that Canada's Arctic maritime claims may become increasingly important if global warming melts the ice enough to open the Northwest Passage. While the largest part of the Canadian Arctic is composed of seemingly endless permafrost and tundra north of the tree line, it encompasses geological regions of varying types: the Arctic Cordillera (with the British Empire Range and the United States Range on Ellesmere Island) contains the northernmost mountain system in the world. They are grouped into five volcanic belts with different volcano types and tectonic settings.  After the Constitutional Act of 1791, the territory was divided between Lower Canada (present-day Quebec) and Upper Canada (present-day Ontario), with each being granted an elected legislative assembly. , The Shield cannot support intensive agriculture, although there is subsistence agriculture and small dairy farms in many of the river valleys and around the abundant lakes, particularly in the southern regions. (Figures shown are for single-language responses only. Send PM about this vote. The Columbia and the Fraser Rivers have their headwaters in the Canadian Rockies and are the second and third largest rivers respectively to drain to the west coast of North America.  However, both English and French are required by the Constitution Act, 1867, for the enactment of laws and regulations, and any person may use English or French in the National Assembly and the courts.  In 1840, these become Canada East and Canada West after the British Parliament unified Upper and Lower Canada into the Province of Canada. Deciduous forests cover approximately 6.6% of the area of Quebec. Canada has a vast geography that occupies much of the continent of North America, sharing land borders with the contiguous United States to the south and the U.S. state of Alaska to the northwest. When Great Britain declared war on August 4, 1914, Canada was automatically involved as a dominion. Five per cent of Canada's land area is arable, none of which is for permanent crops. Quebec has more than 450 biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies which together employ more than 25,000 people and 10,000 highly qualified researchers. Many Quebecers fought against the axis powers between 1939 to 1945 with the involvement of many francophone regiments such as Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal, le Régiment de la Chaudière and many more. Mont Wright is a mountain in Fermont, Quebec, a site of major iron ore mining operations since the 1970s by Québec Cartier Mining Company.It is located in Caniapiscau Regional County Municipality.. Mont Wright itself does not exist anymore; it's now a 200 m (656 ft) deep pit. In 2008, electricity ranked as the main form of energy used in Quebec (41.6%), followed by oil (38.2%) and natural gas (10.7%).  In 1754, George Washington launched a surprise attack on a group of Canadian soldiers sleeping in the early morning hours.  In June 2017 S&P rated Quebec as an AA- credit risk, surpassing Ontario for the first time. An additional 5.8 percent of the population said they had no religious affiliation (including 5.6 percent who stated that they had no religion at all).Percentages are calculated as a proportion of the total number of respondents (7,125,580), The official language of Quebec is French. On November 15, 1976, Lévesque and the Parti Québécois won control of the provincial government for the first time. , The Hudson Bay watershed drains over a third of Canada. The Cinémathèque québécoise has a mandate to promote the film and television heritage of Quebec. Quebec has an advanced, market-based, and open economy. Between the plateau and the coast is the province's largest mountain range, the Coast Mountains. The Western Cordillera continues northwards past the Liard River in northernmost British Columbia to include the Mackenzie and Selwyn Ranges which lie in the far western Northwest Territories and the eastern Yukon Territory. To the west of their headwaters, across the Rocky Mountain Trench, is a second belt of mountains, the Columbia Mountains, comprising the Selkirk, Purcell, Monashee and Cariboo Mountains sub-ranges. The first to write the history of Quebec, since its discovery, was the historian François-Xavier Garneau. The government promises to provide about 3% of Quebec's GDP in research and development (R&D). Coureurs des bois, voyageurs and Catholic missionaries used river canoes to explore the interior of the North American continent.  To encourage population growth and to redress the severe imbalance between single men and women, King Louis XIV sponsored the passage of approximately 800 young French women (known as les filles du roi) to the colony. Canada is home to the world's northernmost settlement, Canadian Forces Station Alert, on the northern tip of Ellesmere Island—latitude 82.5°N—which lies 817 kilometres (508 mi) from the North Pole. The Premier's press release reasserted the three fundamental values of Quebec society: Equality between men and women, primacy of the French language, and separation of church and state constitute the fundamental values. Wollaston Lake lies on the boundary between the Hudson Bay and Arctic Ocean watersheds and drains into both.  Most of central Quebec, ranging from 51 to 58 degrees North has a subarctic climate (Köppen Dfc). , The government of Quebec takes the majority of its revenue through a progressive income tax, a 9.975% sales tax and various other taxes (such as carbon, corporate and capital gains taxes), equalization payments from the federal government, transfer payments from other provinces and direct payments.  The boreal forest is the largest biome in Canada. Quebec's highest point at 1,652 metres is Mont d'Iberville, known in English as Mount Caubvick, located on the border with Newfoundland and Labrador in the northeastern part of the province, in the Torngat Mountains. may refer to:*A historic summit name in Canada: **Boundary Peak (Canada), the former name of Pope s Peak *One of nine summits in the United States: **Boundary Peak (Alaska) **Boundary Peak (California) **Boundary Peak (Idaho County, Idaho)… June 19, 2017. Mavis Gallant, born in Quebec, lived in Paris from the 1950s onward. It covers Manitoba, northern Ontario and Quebec, most of Saskatchewan, southern Alberta, southwestern Nunavut and the southern half of Baffin Island. Many literary works reproduce the daily lives of the past, following the social and cultural traditions of Quebec television series reproducing the old days such as the trilogy of Pierre Gauvreau (Le Temps d'une paix, Cormoran and Le Volcan tranquille), La Famille Plouffe, Les Belles Histoires des Pays-d'en-Haut, La Petite Patrie, Entre chien et loup, Les Filles de Caleb, Blanche, Au nom du père et du fils, Marguerite Volant, Nos Étés or Musée Éden, among others. The Appalachian mountain range extends from Alabama through the Gaspé Peninsula and the Atlantic Provinces, creating rolling hills indented by river valleys. Several circus troupes were created in recent decades, the most important being without any doubt the Cirque du Soleil. The Peace River Valley in northeastern British Columbia is Canada's most northerly agricultural region, although it is part of the Prairies. By 1903, the parent of today's flag had taken shape, known as the "Fleurdelisé". Canada's geographic proximity to the United States has historically bound the two countries together in the political world as well. They are then differentiated according to the insolation, temperature, and precipitation of snow and rain.. Allophones, people whose mother tongue is neither French nor English, made up 12.3 percent (961,700) of the population, according to the 2011 census, though a smaller figure – 554,400 (7.1 percent) – actually used these languages most often in the home. Фото Boundary Peak From Mont Gosford Park, QC в Woburn, Quebec (Canada).  Quebec is one of North America's leading high-tech player.  Other major sports include Canadian football with the Montreal Alouettes, soccer with the Montreal Impact, the Grand Prix du Canada Formula 1 racing with drivers such as Gilles Villeneuve and Jacques Villeneuve, and professional baseball with the former Montreal Expos. If the number of Internet postings is any indication of a peak’s popularity, then Boundary Peak hits the mark and for a good reason. Become a Redditor. In 1629 there was the surrender of Quebec, without battle, to English privateers led by David Kirke during the Anglo-French War. The French islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon lie off the southern coast of Newfoundland in the Gulf of St. Lawrence and have a maritime territorial enclave within Canada's exclusive economic zone.. To secure the allegiance of the approximately 90,000 French-speaking Canadians to the British crown, first Governor James Murray and later Governor Guy Carleton promoted the need for change. , Canada shares with the U.S. the world's longest binational border at 8,893 kilometres (5,526 mi); 2,477 kilometres (1,539 mi) are with Alaska.  The population grew slowly under French rule, thus remained relatively low as growth was largely achieved through natural births, rather than by immigration. Achetez Pro pour ceux qui vous sont chers Acheter Pro Cattle and sheep are raised in the valleys and plateaus of British Columbia. Biodiversity of the estuary and gulf of Saint Lawrence River consists of an aquatic mammal wildlife, of which most goes upriver through the estuary and the Saguenay–St. Altogether, 17.5% of Canadians are bilingual in French and English. At the request of Premier Robert Bourassa, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau invoked the War Measures Act.  During the summer, severe weather patterns (such as tornadoes and severe thunderstorms) occur occasionally. Запишите свой собственный маршрут из приложения, загрузите его и поделитесь с сообществом. , Various tales and stories are told through oral tradition, such as, among many more, the legends of the Bogeyman, the Chasse-galerie, the Black Horse of Trois-Pistoles, the Complainte de Cadieux, the Corriveau, the dancing devil of Saint-Ambroise, the Giant Beaupré, the monsters of the lakes Pohénégamook and Memphremagog, of Quebec Bridge (called the Devil's Bridge), the Rocher Percé and of Rose Latulipe, for example.. The Northern Cordilleran Volcanic Province was formed by faulting, cracking, rifting, and the interaction between the Pacific Plate and the North American Plate. Quebec is remarkable for the natural resources of its vast territory.  Their lifestyles and cultures reflected the land on which they lived. Its major metropolis, Montreal, is … The Canadian Rockies are part of a major continental divide that extends north and south through western North America and western South America. The southern portion of the shield extends to the Laurentians, a mountain range just north of the Saint Lawrence Lowland, that attracts local and international tourists to ski hills and lakeside resorts. The Quiet Revolution was a period of dramatic social and political change that saw the decline of Anglo supremacy in the Quebec economy, the decline of the Roman Catholic Church's influence, the formation of hydroelectric companies under Hydro-Québec and the emergence of a pro-sovereignty movement under former Liberal minister René Lévesque. The island of Montreal houses most of the allophone and anglophone population, as well as most English-language institutions.  In 1898, the Canadian Parliament passed the first Quebec Boundary Extension Act that expanded the provincial boundaries northward to include the lands of the local aboriginal peoples. Lévesque insisted Quebec be able to veto any future constitutional amendments. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. The plains generally describes the expanses of (largely flat) arable agricultural land which sustain extensive grain farming operations in the southern part of the provinces.  Overall, the province of Quebec count about 125 scientific publications per 100,000 inhabitants in 2009. About 6,000 volunteers from Quebec participated on the European front. On the West Coast, tuna stocks are now restricted. Quebec nationalism has been one expression of this perspective. In 1837, residents of Lower Canada – led by Louis-Joseph Papineau and Robert Nelson – formed an armed resistance group to seek an end to the unilateral control of the British governors. , Western Canada has many volcanoes and is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, a system of volcanoes found around the margins of the Pacific Ocean. The headwaters of the Yukon River, the largest and longest of the rivers on the Pacific Slope, lie in northern British Columbia at Atlin and Teslin Lakes.  The First Nations and the Inuit of Quebec also have their own traditional music. Since the three people in our hiking party are in various stages of checking off the highest point in each state, we decided to attempt Boundary Peak on a long weekend trip that incorporated a short drive through Death Valley. The Quebec Act offended a variety of interest groups in the British colonies.  The easternmost point of the Canadian mainland is Elijah Point, Cape St. Charles, Labrador (52°13′N 55°37′W) 52°13′01″N 55°37′16″W / 52.217°N 55.621°W / 52.217; -55.621 (Elijah Point, Labrador). Satellite map of Boundary Peak (Maine/Quebec) This mountain, which has no formal name, is located on the United States-Canada border between boundary markers 445 and 446.  The Quartier Latin (English: Latin Quarter) of Montreal, and Vieux-Québec (English: Old Quebec) in Quebec City, are two hubs of activity for today's artists. This article is supported by WikiProject Geography of Canada. However, initial French attempts at settling the region met with failure. The Cessna 172M left Boundary Bay Airport on June 6 with two men aboard, an instructor and his student. The written forms of French place-names in Canada retain their diacritics such as accent marks over vowels in English text. Canada holds vast reserves of water: its rivers discharge nearly 7% of the world's renewable water supply, it contains a quarter of the world's wetlands, and it has the third largest amount of glaciers (after Antarctica and Greenland). There are pillow lavas in the Northwest Territories that are about 2.6 billion years old and are preserved in the Cameron River Volcanic Belt. The Montreal School of Fine Arts forms the painters, printmakers and sculptors of Quebec. Approximately half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area and the Island of Montreal. New Brunswick and Nova Scotia joined Ontario and Quebec in the new Dominion of Canada.  The physical geography of Canada is widely varied.  In 2013, Statistics Canada estimated the province's population to be 8,155,334. MONT SAINT-BRUNO (4,11) 15 letters. ), Following were Creoles (0.8%), Chinese (0.6%), Greek (0.5%), Portuguese (0.5%), Romanian (0.4%), Vietnamese (0.3%), and Russian (0.3%).  Over 90% of Canada's forests are owned by the public (federal Crown land with the majority as Provincial forests). The Canadian Shield is known for its vast minerals, such as emeralds, diamonds and copper. 312", "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2011 and 2006 censuses", "Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, by province and territory", "Canadian Federal and Provincial Fiscal Tables", "Dette: le Québec, cancre d'une classe surdouée", "Quebec credit rating surpasses Ontario for first time ever", "L'expertise québécoise en haute technologie", "L'économie du savoir en mutation au Québec", "The Benefits of Investing in Québec Research & Development", "Les raisons d'une implantation multiple dans un pays clé de l'aéronautique mondial", "Stratégie de développement de l'industrie aéronautique québécoise", "Québec veut investir 2 milliards pour stimuler l'économie", "Investir en TIC, innovation et créativité | Investissement Québec", "Industrie minière et substances exploitées", "Encore "dix ans difficiles" pour l'industrie forestière", "Le Québec est le chouchou de l'industrie minière", "Industrie minière: valeur des expéditions, selon les principales substances minérales, Québec", "Le Québec chiffres en main, édition 2009 – Végétation", "Stratégie québécoise de la recherche et de l'innovation (SQRI) 2010–2013", "Comparaisons économiques internationales", "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1992 Rudolph A. Marcus", "Science and Technology: Portal of the government of Québec", "Québec had 195 triadic inventions patented", "ombre de publications scientifiques en sciences naturelles et génie par 100,000 habitants, provinces et territoires, 1980 à 2009", "Nombre de publications scientifiques en sciences naturelles et génie, Québec, Ontario, pays du G8, pays nordiques, certains pays émergents et monde, et part dans le total mondial, 1980 à 2009", "Les publications scientifiques québécoises de 1991 à 2000", "A fourth planet around the star HR 8799", "La NASA acquiert une caméra conçue à l'UdeM", "Québec Science remet le Prix du public Découverte de l'année 2009 à un chercheur d'étoiles", "Un oeil de lynx pour la NASA grâce à un Lévisien", "La recherche et le développement au Québec", "Railway Gazette: Railway could tap Québec's northern wealth", "The Route verte puts all of Quebec within reach of your handlebars!  The most notable are Montreal's Mount Royal and Mont Saint-Hilaire. The Canadian boreal forest covers 27% of the area of Quebec.  The Artis and the Gemini Awards gala recognize the personalities of television and radio industry in Quebec and French Canada. Rental Equipment: Need to rent equipment for your trip? The Milk River originates in the Rocky Mountains of Montana, then flows into Alberta, then returns into the United States, where it is drained by the Missouri River. Ives Goddard. Given a warmer climate, the diversity of organisms is also higher, since there are about 850 plant species and 280 vertebrates species. , Canada's major biomes are the tundra, boreal forest, grassland, and temperate deciduous forest. In general, the climate of Quebec is cold and humid.  In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada".. The pillow lavas in rocks over 2 billion years old in the Canadian Shield signify that great oceanic volcanoes existed during the early stages of the formation of the Earth's crust. , Quebec ranks among the world leaders in the field of life science. Since 1959, the Saint Lawrence Seaway has provided a navigable link between the Atlantic Ocean and the Great Lakes.  The head of government is the premier (called premier ministre in French) who leads the largest party in the unicameral National Assembly, or Assemblée Nationale, from which the Executive Council of Quebec is appointed. During the campaign, Pierre Trudeau promised that a vote for the "no" side was a vote for reforming Canada. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. The northernmost point of land within the boundaries of Canada is Cape Columbia, Ellesmere Island, Nunavut 83°06′40″N 69°58′19″W / 83.111°N 69.972°W / 83.111; -69.972 (Cape Columbia, Nunavut). You can read more about finding cheap flights in our dedicated guide . Legitimate exceptions are Montreal and Quebec. Since 2007, the government promotes, with the various players in the field, the conclusion of agreements on the use of property belonging to episcopal factories and corporations to establish "partnerships in financing the restoration and renovation of religious buildings". The Chilcotin Group is believed to have formed as a result of back-arc extension behind the Cascadia subduction zone. , The westernmost point is Boundary Peak 187 (60°18′22.929″N 141°00′7.128″W) at the southern end of the Yukon–Alaska border, which roughly follows 141°W but leans very slightly east as it goes North 60°18′04″N 141°00′36″W / 60.301°N 141.010°W / 60.301; -141.010 (Boundary Peak 187).  From temperate zones to the northern territories of the Far North, the brightness varies with latitude, as well as the Northern Lights and midnight sun. There is a significant undercount, as many of the largest Indian bands regularly refuse to participate in Canadian censuses for political reasons regarding the question of aboriginal sovereignty.  Science and technology are key factors in the economic position of Quebec. As part of the ongoing negotiations of their exit from the Anglo-French War, in 1632 the English king Charles agreed to return the lands in exchange for Louis XIII paying his wife's dowry. Today there are nearly a hundred breweries and companies, including Unibroue, Molson Coors, Labatt and many others. In that year, the Legislative Council was abolished and the Legislative Assembly was renamed the National Assembly. , Quebec's economy has undergone tremendous changes over the last decade. Pin This Program. Around 1522–1523, the Italian navigator Giovanni da Verrazzano persuaded King Francis I of France to commission an expedition to find a western route to Cathay (China). Many of the volcanic belts bear ore deposits that are related to the volcanism.  The most recent layers of sedimentary rock were formed as the seabed of the ancient Champlain Sea at the end of the last ice age about 14,000 years ago. The existing constitutional document, the British North America Act, could only be amended by the United Kingdom Parliament upon a request by the Canadian parliament. The ecozone mixed forest covers 11.5% of the area of Quebec and is characteristic of the Laurentians, the Appalachians and the eastern lowlands forests. Various buildings reflect the architectural heritage that characterizes Quebec, such as religious buildings, city halls, houses of large estates, and other locations throughout the province. It is the highest point on the border east of the Rocky Mountains. This time, it was rejected by a slim majority (50.6 percent NO to 49.4 percent YES). The Oka hills also rise from the plain. International Peaks. The knowledge sector represents about 30.9% of Quebec's GDP.  Montreal is ranked 4th in North America for the number of jobs in the pharmaceutical sector.. English was also used in the legislature, government commissions and courts.  Due to pollution, loss of biodiversity, over-exploitation of commercial species, invasive species, and habitat loss, there are currently more than 800 wild life species at risk of being lost. Quebec, eastern province of Canada. Der Berg liegt auf dem Gebiet des Inyo National Forest.  In addition, the Government of Quebec owns airports and heliports to increase the accessibility of local services to communities in the Basse-Côte-Nord and northern regions.  The province is sometimes referred to as "La belle province" ("The beautiful province"). 12 , Alberta, Canada that features a great forest setting and is only recommended for very experienced adventurers. It is rich in the forestry, mineral and hydro-electric resources that are a mainstay of the Quebec economy. McRoberts, Kenneth, and Dale Posgate (1984). More than a million lakes and rivers cover Quebec, occupying 21% of the total area of its territory. The creation of Upper and Lower Canada in 1791 allowed most Loyalists to live under British laws and institutions, while the French-speaking population of Lower Canada could maintain their familiar French civil law and the Catholic religion. Excluding administrative units reserved for Aboriginal lands, the primary types of subdivision are: In the 2016 census, Quebec had a population of 8,164,361 living in 3,531,663 of its 3,858,943 total dwellings, a 3.3% change from its 2011 population of 7,903,001.  It has 3% of the world's renewable fresh water, whereas it has only 0.1% of its population. Hikes and rambles into its swathes of maple forests are lung-filling reminders of simpler times. The northern regions of Quebec have an arctic climate (Köppen ET), with very cold winters and short, much cooler summers.
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